Grant Sanders
Period 3

Digestive System and Nutrition Problems (Book Assignment)

1. What is appendicitis and why is it dangerous? p. 145
Appendicitis is a inflamed appendix and it could lead to a life threatening infection of the peritoneum.
2. What are dental carries? What causes them and how can they be prevented? p. 146
Dental carries are known as cavities or tooth decay, and they are caused when bacteria erode teeth with sugar, and can be prevented by daily flossing and brushing of the teeth.
3. What is hearburn? And how can it be prevented? p. 148
Heartburn is a burning sensation in ones chest and it can be prevented by diet and exercise.
4. What is lactose intolerance? What are the symptoms? 150
Lactose intolerance is when people cannot digest lactose, and this leads to the symptoms of gas, bloating, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps.
5. What are gallstones? p.152
Gallstones form when liquid stored in the gallbladder hardens into pieces of stone like material.
6. What is jaundice? p. 153
Jaundice is a liver ailment occurs when bile pigments leak into the blood.
7. What is hepatitis? p. 153
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver and it can produce jaundice.
8. What is Cirrhosis? p. 153
Cirrhosis is a chronic disease of the liver causing the liver to fail and die.
9. What causes diarrhea and what are the symptoms, effects? p. 154
The infection of the lower intestinal tract and nervous stimulation, and the symptoms are dehydration and is unable to rid the body of infectious organisms.
10. What is constipation? What can help ease constipation? p. 154
When your feces are dry and hard, and lubricants can help ease the pain such as mineral oil and milk of magnesia.
11. What are hemrrhoids? p. 155
Hemrrhoids happens with constipation, and it is enlarged and inflamed blood vessels at the anus.
12. What is diverticulosis? p. 145, 155
Diverticulosis is the occurrence of little pouches of mucosa that have pushed out through weak spots in the muscularis.
13. What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome? p. 145, 155
Irritable Bowl Syndrome is a condition in which the muscularis contracts powerfully but without its normal coordination.
14. What is Inflammatory Bowel Disease? p. 145, 155
Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a number of inflammatory disorders including Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
15. What are polyps and how are they associated with cancer? p. 155
Polyps are small growths arising from the epithelial lining, and they are associated with cancer in that bacteria can convert bile salts to substances that promote development of cancer.
16. How do doctors look at your GI tract? (describe the pill cam and colonoscopy) p. 155
PillCam is swallowed and it travels through the whole GI tract taking pictures, and colonoscopy is an instrument stuck in the anus into the large intestine allowing it to remove tissue that can later become cancer.
17. Can carbohydrates be harmful? p. 158
Carbohydrates can be harmful if there is a high intake because it can cause obesity.
18. Can proteins be harmful? p. 159
Proteins contain amino acids and an excess of amino acids can cause loss of urine, dehydration, and kidney stones.
19. Can lipids be harmful? p. 159
Lipids have cholesterol and they can be converted into the liver to bile salts.