• What is it?
    • A disorder that takes place during pregnancy
    • It is present in 5-8% of all pregnancies
    • The person will experience high blood pressure and presence of protein in the urine
    • It usually occurs in the 2nd or 3rd trimester
    • The exact cause is unknown
    • It blocks blood flow in the placenta
      • Cuts off food and oxygen supply for the baby

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  • Symptoms
    • Swelling
    • Weight gain
    • Headaches
    • Changes in vision
    • High blood pressure
    • Protein in urine
      • signals a problem with your kidneys
    • Vomiting blood
    • Rapid heart beat
    • Dizziness
    • Fever
    • Stomach pains


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  • Who is at risk?
    • Most cases happen during a womans first pregnancy
    • Women who's mothers and/or sisters have had preeclampsia
    • Women who are going to have more than one baby (twins, triplets, etc.)
    • Pregnant teens
    • Women over the age of 40
    • Women who had/have high blood pressure
    • Women who had/have kidney disease
    • People who have African-American heritage
    • Obese women
    • Women who have gestational diabetes
  • Diagnosis
    • There is no single test to diagnose someone with preeclampsia
    • Blood pressure is measured at every doctors visit (a significant rise in blood pressure can signal preeclampsia)
    • The doctor may administer a urine test to see if there is high levels of protein
    • Blood tests may also be administered

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  • What are the risks?
    • It affects the placenta (prevents it from getting enough blood)
      • The organ that carries oxygen and food to your baby
      • causing potential low birth weight
    • Most women with this disease are able to deliver healthy babies
    • The mother may suffer from seizers
    • Most problems can be prevented if the woman is diagnosed early
    • Death of the baby... death of the mother is very rare
    • The risk of developing the disease lessens as the fetus develops
    • Can leas to eclampsia
      • A disease characterized by seizers in a pregnant woman
  • Treatment
    • The woman needs to deliver her baby
      • This is unable to happen in some women if they are diagnosed too early (the baby will be at a stage where they are unable to live outside of their mothers womb
    • Lower the blood pressure
      • medicines and bed-rest can accomplish this
    • Some women may need to be hospitalized in order to keep a close eye on the baby and the mother
    • be very aware of how much or little salt you eat
      • Little salt is needed in un-pregnant women
      • Pregnant women need to have a certain amount of salt in order to keep hydrated and a regular/constant blood flow
    • Some women are instructed to take asprin and calcium to prevent preeclampsia
    • Lay on your left side (takes pressure off of your blood vessels and helps blood flow)
    • Visit the doctor regularly

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    • information found from these websites: **
http://www.preeclampsia.org/about.asp
http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/women/pregnancy/complications/064.html
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000899.htm
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000898.htm
[[http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/preeclampsia/DS00583/DSECTION=|]]